Turkey Calling Tips Articles
The box call is one of the most widely used turkey calls, and for good reason. First and foremost, they sound like a turkey. Then, they are easy to use, can cover a lot of distance because of the volume they can produce, some have two sounds in one call, you can use it in conjunction with a mouth call, and on, and on. There are as many reasons to carry a box call as there are turkeys in the woods.
A mouth call is a fairly simplistic call, as far as construction is concerned. The science is found in both the stretch and cuts of the reeds. The stretch and cuts in the reeds are what create the tonal qualities of the call, and what differentiate one from the other.
Many people learn how to use a mouth call, or a box call, or maybe even a slate call, then head to the woods throwing every call they know at the birds. Sometimes it may work, and others it may not. Knowing what you are saying to the birds may just help you up the odds in your favor next time you start a conversation with a talkative tom.
The vocalizations of the wild turkey are broken down call by call. Explanation and descriptions are given for each, along with a tip on how and when to use them in the field.
Have you ever wondered why sometimes that old longbeard will gobble at one call and not another? How many times have you been sitting in the woods calling to a bird that knows you're there, only to get no response? So you decide to try a different call and you finally get a response. The answer why, may be as simple as the frequency or pitch of the call your using.
Each day as I head out into the woods I carry many locator calls in my vest, but none of them make me feel like I am at a disadvantage if I don’t have them, except for the crow call. The crow call is a great locator, but a master for allowing an undetected change of position.
The tube, or barrel style call is easy to use and is set up with a mouth piece that directs wind over a hole on the side of a small can sized tube, usually about half the size of a soda can. The sound is made by the air passing over the hole, and sounds similar to blowing over a bottle top, but is tuned to mimic the sounds of the barred owl. Some have multiple holes that can change the tone, or even slightly increase or decrease the volume as desired.
At the heart of a turkey hunter’s calling arsenal is the mouth call. While more challenging to learn than a box or slate, this call, also called a diaphragm, allows a hunter to make an entire repertoire of turkey sounds, keeps his movement to a minimum, works well in any weather and is relatively inexpensive.
Basic Understanding of the Pot and Peg Call:
Call makers use different woods, molded plastics, and some are using metal to create unique “pots” capable of different sounds desired. Hard and Exotic woods tend to give a sharper, crisper sound, while softer woods give a more mellow tone. Some plastics and metals produce a higher pitch. Whether you are using slate, glass, aluminum, copper, or plexi, each of the calling surfaces have their own characteristics to make different sounds depending on what type of “pot” they are set in.